Modern Art Week was a movement that represented a renewal in creative freedom and the pursuit of experimentation. It was a milestone of the avant-garde for modernism. It took place in 1922 and revolutionized the artistic language, causing a break from the present moment to the next. In this event new ideas and concepts were presented that ran away from the custom of the time. Modernity didn't please everyone, including Monteiro Lobato, who was a great opponent of them. At the time, the modern art week didn't have that much impact, but with time it gained the historical value that we know and study today.